Main Article Content
The economic focus of commercial companies is one of the mechanisms and means that resulted in modern legal thought, relative to the inclusion of innovative economic methods represented by the conglomeration of companies and small and large commercial establishments under the umbrella of a giant company with a tight legal framework that defines the provisions related to the procedures and the effects of such gatherings and economic blocs that rule over Huge capitals have a profound impact on economic growth at the national and global levels, and the need has emerged to surround the economic concentration operations of companies with this tight legislative framework in light of the radical changes that the global economic system has witnessed as a result of the globalization of competition. Community Verified icon, And the special principles it stipulated in the field of trade liberalization, which prompted companies to unite in the form of large conglomerates in order to preserve their presence in the market and face the economic crises that they may be exposed to, since their survival on their own has become a useless choice and rather a danger to them, given the simple capabilities and Ltd. that it owns and which will not help it pay the risk on its behalf.
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Second - Academic Theses:
Brik, Souad and Boylatitan, Hanan, MA thesis (the legal system of economic groupings), Faculty of Law and Political Science, Akli Mohand University, Algeria, 2018.
Balour, Suleiman, Master's thesis entitled (The Impact of the Partnership Strategy on the Financial Position of the Economic Institution), Faculty of Economic, Commercial and Facilitation Sciences, Mohamed Khudair University, Algeria, 2012.
Syed, Salma Ali El-Din, Ph.D. thesis entitled (The Impact of Merger on the Financial Performance and Enterprise Value of Public Business Sector Companies), Faculty of Commerce, Suez Canal University, Egypt, 2008.
Kobri, Heba Hazem, MA thesis entitled (The Legal Framework for Terminating Binding Contracts for Two Parties), Faculty of Law, Middle East University, 2021.
Third - Scientific Journals:
Ahmed, Salma Ali El-Din Sayed, research entitled (Motivations for Merger), published in the Journal of Financial and Commercial Research, Faculty of Commerce, Port Said University, No. 2, 2008.
Al-Rashidi, Ali Abdel-Rahman, research entitled (Resignation in Contracts, a Comparative Study between Islamic Jurisprudence and Kuwaiti Civil Law), published in the Journal of the College of Dar Al-Ulum, Ministry of Awqaf, Kuwait, Volume (39), Issue (138), January / 2022.
Al-Taher, Amani Fadlallah, research entitled (The moral personality of the company in the Saudi corporate system, a comparative study), published in the Journal of Sharia Sciences and Islamic Studies, Riyadh, Issue (74), Muharram / 1440 AH
Al-Abadi, Ibrahim Yousef Jovel, research entitled (Acquisition in the Amman Stock Exchange, an analytical legal accounting study), published in the Journal of Legal and Political Sciences, Scientific Society for Research and Strategic Studies, Baghdad, Volume (3), Number (6), 2013 .
Al-Musawi, Ali Fawzi, and Dr. Al-Amiri, Andalus Abd, a research entitled (The Concept of Acquisition, Its Types, and Distinguishing it from Similar Systems), published in the Journal of Legal Sciences, University of Baghdad, Fifth Issue, 2019.
Hussein, Akram Muhammad, research entitled (Provisions of Economic Concentration of Projects, A Comparative Study), published in the Journal of Legal Sciences, College of Law, University of Baghdad, Volume (32), Issue Two, 2017.
Hussein, Muhammad Ismail, a research entitled (Integration in the Jordanian Companies Law Draft), published in the Mu'tah Journal for Research and Studies, Volume (1), First Issue, 1986.
Hamdan, Alaeddin Muhammad, research entitled (Contracting with the administration through the consortium), published in the Journal of the College of Law and Political Science, Diyala University, Volume Four, Number Two, 2015.
Qasim, Muhammad Hassan, research titled (Judicial control over the explicit rescinding condition compared to the occasion of the Court of Cassation ruling, (Civil Chamber), dated 1/1/16/2021), published in the International Journal of Jurisprudence, Judiciary and Legislation, Volume Two, Number Two October 27, 2021.
Muhammad, Zakaria Bayoumi, research entitled (Integration as a means of economic focus, an economic, legal and tax study), published in the Journal of Money and Trade, Cairo, Issue (374), 2000.
Muhammad, Taher Shawky, research entitled (A legal study on a group of companies), published in the Journal of Legal and Economic Research, Mansoura University, sixth issue, 2016.
Wasmi, Ahmed Hassan, research entitled (The Economic and Legal Effects of Acquisitions on the Management of Joint Stock Companies Listed in the Stock Market, A Comparative Study), published in the Legal Journal, Faculty of Law, Cairo University, Khartoum Branch, Volume Four, Number Four, 2018.
Fourth- Legislations and laws:
A- Jordanian legislation and laws:
Jordanian Civil Law No. (43) of 1976.
Jordanian Companies Law No. (22) of 1997, as amended.
Jordanian Competition Law No. (33) of 2004.
B- Egyptian legislation and laws:
Egyptian Civil Law No. (131) 1948.
Egyptian Companies Law No. (159) of 1981.
Egyptian Business Sector Companies Sector Law No. (203) of 1991, as amended.
Executive Regulations of the Egyptian Capital Law No. (95) of 1991.
Protection of Competition and Egyptian Monopoly No. (3) of 2005.
C- Foreign legislation and laws:
The French Law of 1986.
Fifth: Foreign references:
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Ferrier et D Ferre; “Droit Du Contrôle Nationale Des Concentrations”, éd, Dalloz, Paris, 2005.
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