The Ideal Concept of the Position Judges as State Officials in the Ius Constituendum in Indonesia
Problems regarding the position of judges that continue to continue will affect their duties in upholding law and justice. Provisions regarding the position of judges in several statutory provisions are also considered to have multiple interpretations and are inconsistent. To find out more fully, this paper will first analyze and criticize the concept of judges in the Draft Law on the Office of Judges, then provide the ideal concept of the position of judges as state officials in the ius constituendum in Indonesia. This study uses normative legal research with a statutory and conceptual approach. The results of the study are tThere are several crucial issues in the Draft Law on the Position of Judges, which among others are related to 1) The Government's Rejection of the Status of all Judges as State Officials; 2) Periodization of the position of Supreme Court Justices; 3) Sharing of Judges Recruitment Authority with the Judicial Commission; and 4) Reduction of Judge's Retirement Age. Then to realize the ideal position of judges in the future in the ius constituendum, changes need to be made through changes in concepts ranging from; 1) the concept of judges as State Officials; 2) Supreme Court Institutional Structure; 3) Mechanism of Promotion, Demotion, Mutation, Reword and Punishment of Judges; 4) Strengthening the Retirement Age of Judges in Indonesia; 5) Court of Appeals and Classification of Cases Entering the Supreme Court; 6) The concept of the Judicial Commission in Maintaining Judges' Dignity; 7) Regulation of Ad Hoc Judges and Special Courts in Indonesia; and 8) Recruitmentand Education of Candidates for Judges.
Chandranegara, I. S. (2019). Defining Judicial Independence and Accountability Post Political Transition. Constitutional Review, 5(2), 295. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31078/consrev525
Congress of the International Commission of Jurists in Bangkok. (n.d.). The Dynamic Aspects Of The Rule Of Law in the Modern Age (Dynamic Aspects of the Rule of Law in the Modern Age). February 1965.
Febriansyah Ramadhan, I. D. R. (2021). Study of Constitutional Court Decisions Cancelling All Norms In The Law. Legality: Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum, 29(2), 232. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22219/ljih.v29i2.15434
Ibnu Sina Chandranegara, Syaiful Bakhri, M. A. (2019). Judicial Reform and Democratic Consolidation in Indonesia. Jurnal Cita Hukum, 7(3), 303. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15408/jch.v7i3.12228
Ilham Dwi Rafiqi, Alfath Anggara, A. M. A. P. (2021). Judicial Activism Sebagai Peluang Progresivitas Hakim dalam Peradilan Tata Usaha Negara. In Dinamika Hukum: Dalam Rangka Mengabadikan 70 Tahun Perjuangan dan Pengabdian Guru, Sahabat, dan Bapak Kami, Prof. Sudarsono, S.H., M.S (p. 231). Inteligensia Media.
Jimly Asshiddiqie. (2014). Konstitusi dan Konstitusionalisme Indonesia. Sinar Grafika.
Marzuki, P. M. (2009). Penelitian Hukum (ke-5). Kencana Prenada Media Group.
Nahrowi, Masyrofah Masyrofah, N. H. (2020). The Dynamics of The Democratic Process in Legal Politics in Indonesia And Egypt. Jurnal Cita Hukum, 8(3), 630. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15408/jch.v8i3.17071
Niemann, Y. T. N. G. R. (2016). Independence of Judicial Power as a Foundation of Human Rights Judicial Function in Indonesia. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 6(3), 239.
Qamar, N. (2015). Independence of Judges in The Implementation Powers of Justice. Jurnal Dinamika Hukum, 15(1), 53. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2015.15.1.362
Rachman, I. N. (2019). Constitutional Court, Judicial Independence, and Efforts to Achieve Qualified Justice. Hasanuddin Law Review, 5(1), 121. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/halrev.v5i1.1471
Suharto, A. F. P. and R. B. (2018). The Role of Judicial Commission on Supervision of Judge’s Crime in Indonesia. Jurnal Daulat Hukum, 1(4), 895. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/jdh.v1i4.3931
Sumanto, D. (2010). Responsibilities and Professionalism of Judgme. Jurnal Al-Ulum, 10(2), 401.
Sumantri, S. (1995). Kemandirian Kekuasaan Kehakiman Sebagai Prasyarat Negara Hukum Indonesia. Makalah Seminar 50 Tahun Kemandirian Kekuasaan Kehakiman Di Indonesia, 13.
Sunny, I. (1982). Mencari Keadilan: Sebuah Otobiografi. Ghalia Indonesia.
Tajudin, I. (2019). Regulation and Implementation of Indonesian Judicial Independence. Opción, 35(28), 34. https://doi.org/https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/opcion/article/view/29469
Thohari, A. A. (1993). Komisi Yudisial dan Reformasi Peradilan. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Zudan Arif Fakrulloh. (2005). Penegakan Hukum Sebagai Peluang Menciptakan Keadilan. Jurnal Jurisprudence, 2(1), 13. http://hdl.handle.net/11617/1034