Assessing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises as an Instrument for Human Capital Development and Poverty Reduction in Abuja Area Councils of Nigeria

  • Marcus Garvey ORJI Department of Entrepreneurial Studies Veritas University, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Kizito OLANIYI Department of Entrepreneurial Studies Veritas University, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Timothy ADEYEMO Department of Entrepreneurial Studies Veritas University, Abuja, Nigeria
Keywords: MSME; Human Capital Development; Income Generation; Poverty Reduction


The objective of this study was to assess the role of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise as an instrument of human capital development and poverty reduction in the Bwari Area Council of Nigeria. The study was a survey research sampling the opinion of 184entrrepreneurs in the Area Council. Their opinion was collected using a structured questionnaire. The data obtained was analysed by tabulation and percentages, and the formulated hypotheses tested using Kendal coefficient of concordance method. The findings revealed that MSMEs contributes to human capital developments and is a strategy for eradication of poverty, because it creates jobs for people, and improves their standard of living; and MSMEs contributes to increase in income level of people in the area. The study concluded that MSMEs functions as a nursery for developing entrepreneur talent, and therefore recommended among others that, Government procurement policy that supports locally produced goods and services especially of small and medium size enterprises must be implemented, to help improve the activities of MSME in Bwari Area Council, so as to reduce poverty among the populace. Also more infrastructures should be provided by Bwari Area Council Administration. When basic infrastructures are provided, the entrepreneurs and MSMEs will be motivated to take advantage of such amenities, expand their operations, employ more hands, and reduce unemployment and poverty.


Download data is not yet available.


Aremu, (2010). “Problems of Small Business Management’ Nigerian Institute of Management (NIM).36No 2”
Asikhia O. U. (2016). SMEs, wealth creation and poverty alleviation in Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, 8(4), 17-31.
Ayozie, D. O., Oboreh, J. S.,Umukoro. F & Ayozie, V. U.,(2013) “Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMES) in Nigeria the Marketing Interface” Global Journal of Management and Business Research Marketing Volume 13 Issue 9 Version 1.0
Babayo, S & Usman, S (2020) Poverty in Gombe State: Causes, Manifestations and Strategies of Alleviation’ Britain International of Human Ities and Social Sciences (BIoHS) Journal Vol. 2, No . 3, PP: 706 – 720
Edoh, T. (2003) Poverty and the Survival of Democracy in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Political and Administrative Studies. 1 (4)
Ifamose, O. (2001). Poverty Alleviation as a Tool for Sustainable Democracy. A Journal of Development and Society 1 (3).
John C.R & Muogbo . U.S (2018) Role of Small & Medium Enterprises In Poverty Eradication In Nigeria’ European Journal of Research and Reflection in Management Sciences Vol. 6 No. 2, PP 1-17
Lim, J & Stephen S (2016). "Measuring human capital: a systematic analysis of 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016". Lancet. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
Magaji, S. (2002). Towards a Gender Model of Poverty Alleviation in Sub – Saharan Africa. A Journal of Research and Development in Africa. 1 (2) 81 – 85.
Musa,M, Rossana, A, and Saif, U (2019) Small and Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) and Multidimensional Poverty Index: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria’ International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Science’ 9 (3),
Oba, U.O, and Onuoha, B.C (2013) The Role of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: 2001 – 2011’ An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 7 (4)PP, 1-25
Orji, M.G, Akhimien, E. Nweke ,P.I & Ridwan, M (2021) Effects of Physical Working Condition on Effective Teaching and Learning in Public Secondary Schools of Bwari Area Council Abuja, Nigeria’ Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol. 4 ( 3), PP: 1118-1128
Orji, M G (2017) Impact of Personality Factors on Consumer Buying Behavior of Textile Materials in South Eastern Nigeria. PhD Thesis, Department of Business Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Orji, M.G & Yabilsu, S.J (2018) ‘Impact of Social Media on Brand Equity and Profitability of Micro, Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria’ Covenant Journal of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria. VOL 9 (2). PP. 49-68;
Orji, M.G, Ezinmuo, M.E (2019) ‘Effect of Financial Incentives on Employee Work Habit and Performance in Nigerian Public Enterprises’ International Journal of Research in Finance and Management; Vol. 2(2): 13-22.
Phillippe, A, and Bolton, P (1997) The Review of Economic Studies, Vol 64, ( 2), April 1997, Pages 151–172,
Siegel, A. (1986). Introduction to NonParametric Statistics ‘Page publishers, New York.
Smith, A (1776): An Inquiry into the Nature And Causes of the Wealth of Nations Book 2 – Of the Nature, Accumulation, and Employment of Stock;
Willis, K. (2005). Theories and practice of development: Volume 6 of Routledge perspectives of development. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
World Bank World Development Report 2019: The Changing Nature of Work.
How to Cite
Marcus Garvey ORJI, Kizito OLANIYI, & Timothy ADEYEMO. (2022). Assessing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises as an Instrument for Human Capital Development and Poverty Reduction in Abuja Area Councils of Nigeria. Britain International of Humanities and Social Sciences (BIoHS) Journal, 4(2), 194-205.