Relationship between Soil-Transmitted Helminth and Anemia in Elementary School Students Negeri 96 and 97 Palembang

  • Indri Ramayanti Department of Parasitology and Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang, Indonesia
  • Atika Safitri Armo Medical Study Program at Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang, Indonesia
  • Miranti Dwi Hartanti Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Ghiffari Department of Parasitology and Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang, Indonesia
Keywords: low haemoglobin; intestinal worms; child development; South Sumatra

Abstract

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) prevalence is high worldwide. School-aged children are at risk of infection due to poor self-hygiene and contaminated soil and water. Anemia is caused by infection in children, and it affects cognitive development, physical development, and school performance. To ascertain the relationship and distribution of STH and anemia in elementary school students, as the cross-sectional objectives. Students from SDN 96 and 97 Palembang participated in the study. Using stratified random sampling, 84 students from grades 4, 5, and 6 were chosen at random. Anemia is diagnosed through a test using the Quick Check hemoglobin method. They discovered that 40.5 percent of students had intestinal worms, 15.5 percent were anemic, and 11.8 percent were both anemic and worm-infected. A p-value of 0.438 was obtained from the chi-square bivariate analysis. There is no link between STH and anemia.

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Published
2021-09-08