Epidemio-therapeutic Survey on Malnourished Children Aged 0-5 Years Old in the Gbado-Lite Health Zone (Nord Ubangi Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

  • Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Faculty of Medicine, University of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University Of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Guy Kumbali Ngambika Faculty of Medicine, University of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Blaise Mbembo-wa-Mbembo Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Ruphin Djolu DJoza Faculty of Medicine, University of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Gédéon Ngiala Bongo Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Faculty of Medicine, University of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Falanga Mawi Clarisse Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Benjamin Gbolo Zoawe Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Faculty of Medicine, University of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Masengo Ashande Colette Faculty of Medicine, University of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Libwa Momi Tabonge Bertin Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University Of Gbado-Lite, Gbado-Lite, Nord Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Keywords: Health public; child malnutrition; child morbidity; Nord-Ubangi; Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Abstract

Child malnutrition is one cause of death worldwide, but the greatest burden is borne by African countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Democratic Republic of Congo, despite its wealth of biodiversity, is confronted with this phenomenon which seriously hinders its development. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in The Nord Ubangi Province from 01 to 31 December 2016 on a population of 133 malnourished children aged 0 to 5. The results show that the 2 to 3 year old age group (25-36 months) was the most affected by malnutrition. The most affected children were male, at 52.63%. Most of these children, 24.8%, resided in rural areas around Gbadolite. The majority of their parents, 61.6%, was farmers or only engaged in housework. 78.9% of respondents had edema in their bodies, and 91.7% did not meet the appetite test. These children were subjected to antibacterial treatment outside of ready-to-use therapeutic foods (ATPE). After this treatment, the cure rate was satisfactory at 73.6%.

Published
2019-08-20