Formulation of Moringa oleifera Lam. based Bio-fortified Food Supplement for Pregnant Women in Madagascar, Indian Ocean

  • Randrantoarimbola Lazaniriana Engineering of Industrial, Agricultural and Food Processes and Systems, Polytechnic High School of Antananarivo, University of Antananarivo, P.O. Box. 1500, 101 Antananarivo
  • Rafalimanantsoa Jules Engineering of Industrial, Agricultural and Food Processes and Systems, Polytechnic High School of Antananarivo, University of Antananarivo, P.O. Box. 1500, 101 Antananarivo
  • Ratiarimananjatovo Narindra Engineering of Industrial, Agricultural and Food Processes and Systems, Polytechnic High School of Antananarivo, University of Antananarivo, P.O. Box. 1500, 101 Antananarivo
  • Randriamanantena A. Andrin’iranto Engineering of Industrial, Agricultural and Food Processes and Systems, Polytechnic High School of Antananarivo, University of Antananarivo, P.O. Box. 1500, 101 Antananarivo
  • Ngiala Bongo Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box. 190, Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo and University of Gbado-Lite, P.O. Box 111 Gbado-Lite, Province of Nord-Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box. 190, Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo and University of Gbado-Lite, P.O. Box 111 Gbado-Lite, Province of Nord-Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Robijaona Baholy Engineering of Industrial, Agricultural and Food Processes and Systems, Polytechnic High School of Antananarivo, University of Antananarivo, P.O. Box. 1500, 101 Antananarivo
Keywords: food supplement; Moringa oleifera; pregnancy; chronic malnutrition; micronutrients

Abstract

The pregnant woman feeding is very important for the optimal embryonic development of the zygote. The present study suggests a formulation of food supplement in soup form. We were able to make a soup which is composed of vegetables and animal products. This product like food supplement can cover the pregnancy nutrients needs. In fact, the nutrients deficiencies during the first 1000 days lead to chronic malnutrition. Hence, preventive actions concerning this nutritional plague are necessary. Among that, the food supplement for pregnant manufacture can compensate the micronutrients and protein-energy deficiencies. This animal and plant-based food supplement contains various minerals such as Mg (368 mg/100g DM); Ca (2003 mg/100g DM); K (1324 mg/100g DM); P (204 mg/100g DM); Cu (0, 57 mg/100g DM); Fe (28, 2 mg/100g DM). Besides, the product is composed by carbohydrates (38, 2 g/100g DM), fats (2, 3 g/100g DM), and proteins (27, 1 g/100g DM) fibers (19, 3 g/100 g DM). It energetic value is 205 kCal per 100g.

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Published
2020-05-11