Types of Sentences Used by Male and Female Writers in Journal Article Abstracts

  • Willem Saragih Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • Christine Hutajulu Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
Keywords: types of sentence; female and male; abstracts


This study analyzed the types of sentences used in the Abstracts of Journal Articles written by 10 Female and 10 Male fully sourced from the Book Program of The First Annual International Seminar UNIMED Medan: November 19, 2016. Of the 195 sentences, 102 of which were written by females, and 92   by Males, all types of sentences are present. The occurrence of the types of sentence used by Females is Simple Sentence (50.1%), Complex Sentence (37.1%), Complex - Compound Sentence (6.8%),  and Compound Sentence (4.9%).  By Males, Simple Sentence is (50.%), Complex Sentence (41%),  Compound Sentence  (5.4%) and Complex- Compound Sentence (3.3%). Thus, this proves that the frequency is only different in Complex-Compound, i.e. by Females in the third place, but by Males in the fourth and Compound in the third.  Overall, it can be concluded that gender has no relation with sentence types.


Alwi, et.al. (2003). Tata bahasa Baku Indonesia edisi ketiga. Retrieved on July 12nd Friday, 2019, from https:// ejournal.upi.edu
Baron, N.S. (2005). Instant Messaging byAmerican College Students: A Case Study in ComputerMediated Communication. [Washington, DC: AmericanUniversity, Presented in Session 301 “Language on the Internet”American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting.]
Book Program of The First Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL): Developing Future teachers’ Educational Model. Medan: Post Graduate School, State University of Medan, November, 19th.2016
Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntatic Structures. The Hague Mouton.
Ernawati, A. (2013). An Analysis Types Of Sentences Used By The Students’ Essay Writing At The Third Semester Of Iain Tulungagung In The 2013/2014 Accademic Years. Iain Tulungagung, East Java, 1-11.
Faudiyah, L. (2015, April Tuesday, 7). http://repo.iain-tulungagung.ac.id/. Retrieved on July 18th, 2019
Fleming, J. (2006). The Sentences. Retrieved on March 24th Monday at 5.35 pm, 2020, from http://eprints.polsri.ac.id
Frank, M. (1972). Modern English a Practical Reference Guide. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.Inc.
Hasan, J.M. &Khammat, A.H. (2011). Gender Differences in the Use of Sentence Type and Sentence Modifiers: An Analysis of Emails by Iraqi Learners of English. (Journal of the College of Arts, University of Basrah No. 57). iasj.net
Herring, S. (1994). Gender Differences in Computer-Mediated Communication: Bringing Familiar Baggage to theNew Frontier. [Miami: American Library Association AnnualConversation- keynote talk.]
Hogue, A. (1996). First step in academic writing. New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Compani. Inc.
Hogue, A., & Oshima, A. (2006). The Longman Academic writing Series Level 4. New York: Peason Longman.
Keith, J. (2008). Phares, Clause and Sentences. Retrieved on March 24th Monday at 5.40 pm, 2020, from http:// eprints.polsri.ac.id
Nemati, A. (2007). Gender Differences in the use of Linguistic Forms in the Speech of Men and Women. A Comparative Atudy of Persian and English [Jahrom Azad University, Iran] – Researchgate.net.
Oshima, A., & Hague, A. (2007). Introduction to academic writing. New York: White Plans.
Rosetti, P. (2000). Gender differences in email communication. The Internet TESL Journal.
Subekti, A. S. (2017). A Study of the Mastery of Complex Sentences of Pre-Service English Teachers. ADJES, 1-12.
Sweet, H. (2008). http://staffnew.uny.ac.id/upload/132303688/pendidikan/intro2ling.pdf. Retrieved on July, 16th Thursday, 2020, from Introduction to linguistics.
Winter. (1999). Academic Studies English. Retrieved on March 24th Monday at 5.35 pm, 2020, from http://eprints.polsri.ac.id
How to Cite
Willem Saragih, & Christine Hutajulu. (2020). Types of Sentences Used by Male and Female Writers in Journal Article Abstracts. LingLit Journal Scientific Journal for Linguistics and Literature, 1(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.33258/linglit.v1i1.345